Julian The Apostate

   Emperor (q.v.) from 361-363 whose brief reign of 17 months captured the imagination of his contemporaries and of subsequent generations. His efforts to restore paganism borrowed some elements from the Christian church. Nevertheless his efforts failed, as his satire Misopogon ("Beardhater") makes clear. His edict excluding Christian teachers from teaching was condemned by pagans, including Ammianus Marcellinus (q.v.). Moreover, Maximos of Ephesus (q.v.), Julian's mentor, was something of a quack and hardly the best advertisement for a pagan revival. Also misguided was Julian's attack on Persia (q.v.) in 363, where he was killed in battle, by a Christian according to some sources.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Julian the Apostate — • Roman emperor 361 63, b. at Constantinople in 331, d. 26 June, 363, son of Julius Constantius, the half brother of Constantine the Great Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Julian the Apostate     Julian the Apostate …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • JULIAN THE APOSTATE° — (Flavius Claudius Julianus; 331–363 C.E.), Roman emperor 361–363 C.E. As a child Julian escaped the slaughter of his immediate family during the struggles for the throne after the death of his uncle Constantine the Great. Although in his youth… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Julian the Apostate — Infobox Emperor name =Julian title =Emperor of the Roman Empire caption = Flavius Claudius Julianus, also known as Julian the Apostate , was the last polytheist Roman Emperor. reign = Caesar: 6 November 355 February 360. Augustus: February 360 3… …   Wikipedia

  • Julian the Apostate — (332–63)    Monarch.    Julian was the nephew of the Emperor Constantine I and he became the Emperor Flavius Claudius Julianus in 361, succeeding his cousin Constantius II. He had had an eventful childhood and had resisted Christianity. Despite… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Julian the Apostate — (331–63)    Roman emperor 361–3. Julian was given the name ‘the Apostate’ by Church historians for his efforts to restore paganism and revive Greek philosophy, condemned by the Church. He believed that the Jews had much in common with the Graeco… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • JULIAN THE APOSTATE —    Roman emperor for 18 months, from 361 to 363; was born at Constantinople, his father being a half brother of Constantine the Great, on whose death most of Julian s family were murdered; embittered by this event, Julian threw himself into… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Julian the Apostate — noun Roman Emperor and nephew of Constantine; he restored paganism as the official religion of the Roman Empire and destroyed Christian temples but his decision was reversed after his death (331? 363) • Syn: ↑Julian, ↑Flavius Claudius Julianus •… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Julian the Apostate —    See Ammianus Marcellinus …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Julian (Kaiser) — Julian (vermutet) nach der Statue des Kaisers im Louvre Flavius Claudius Iulianus (griechisch Φλάβιος Κλαύδιος Ἰουλιανός; * 331 in Konstantinopel; † 26. Juni 363 in der Nähe von Maranga am Tigris) war von 360 bis 363 römischer Kaiser. In …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Julian of Mesopotamia — Julian the Hermit of Mesopotamia adopted the ascetic life during the reign of Roman emperor Julian the Apostate in the fourth century AD. Saint Julian dwelt in solitude near the river Euphrates. It was in his solitude that Julian heard from God… …   Wikipedia

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